Coronavirus Updates: The fast spread of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 has sparked alarm worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared a worldwide health emergency, and lots of countries are grappling with an increase in confirmed cases. In the US, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is advising people to be prepared for disruptions to lifestyle which will be necessary if the coronavirus spreads within communities.
Below, we’re responding to sort of questions on COVID-19 raised by Harvard Health Blog readers. We plan to highlight further inquiries and update answers as dependable data opens up.
Does the coronavirus spread person-to-person?
Yes, the virus can spread from one person to a different, presumably through droplets of saliva or mucus carried within the air for up to 6 feet approximately when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Viral particles could also be breathed in, land on surfaces that folks touch, or be transferred when shaking hands or sharing a drink with someone who has the virus.
Often it’s obvious if an individual is ill, but there are cases where people that don’t feel sick have the virus and may spread it.
Steps for avoiding Flu & Infections
Basic steps for avoiding flu and other infections — including steps for handwashing shown in this video and avoiding touching your mouth, nose, and eyes — are likely to help stop the spread of this virus. The CDC features a helpful list of preventive steps.
What is the incubation period for the coronavirus?
A period of time is the time between being exposed to a germ and having symptoms of the illness. Current estimates suggest that symptoms of COVID-19 usually appear around five days on average, but the time period could also be as short as two days to as long as 14 days.
What are the symptoms of the new coronavirus?
Fever, dry hack, and inconvenience breathing are the normal side effects of COVID-19. There are a few reports of gastrointestinal indications (queasiness, heaving, or loose bowels) before respiratory side effects happen, yet this is regularly to a great extent a respiratory infection.
The individuals who have the infection may haven’t any undeniable manifestations (be asymptomatic) or indications beginning from mellow to extreme. At times, the infection can cause pneumonia and conceivably to be dangerous.
The vast majority who become ill will recoup from COVID-19. Recovery time varies and, for people that aren’t severely ill, could also be almost like the aftermath of a flulike illness. People with mild symptoms may recover within a couple of days. People who have pneumonia may take longer to recover (days to weeks). In cases of severe, life-threatening illness, it’s getting to take months for a private to recover, or the person may die.
Can people who are asymptomatic spread coronavirus?
A person who is asymptomatic could even be shedding the virus and can make others ill. How often asymptomatic transmission is occurring is unclear.
Will the coronavirus endure delicate surfaces like the texture or floor covering? What about hard surfaces?
How long the new coronavirus can survive a soft surface — and more importantly, how easy or hard it’s to spread this way — isn’t clear yet. So far, available evidence suggests it is often transmitted less easily from soft surfaces than frequently-touched hard surfaces, sort of a doorknob or elevator button.
Should I wear a mask to guard against coronavirus? Should my children?
Follow public health recommendations where you live. Currently, face masks aren’t recommended for the overall public within the US. The risk of catching the virus within the US is low overall but will depend upon community transmission, which is higher in some regions than in others. Even though there are confirmed cases of COVID-19 within the US, most of the people are more likely to catch and spread influenza (the flu). (So far this season, there are nearly 30 million cases of flu and 17,000 deaths.)
Some health facilities require people to wear a mask under certain circumstances, like if they have traveled from areas where coronavirus is spreading, or are in-tuned with people that did or with people that have confirmed coronavirus.
Can I travel on a plane with my family & children?
Keep abreast of travel advisories from regulatory agencies and understand that this is often a rapidly changing situation. The CDC has a few degrees of movement limitations depending on the hazard in different nations and networks.
Of course, if anyone features a fever and respiratory symptoms, that person shouldn’t fly if within the least possible. Anyone who features a fever and respiratory symptoms and flies anyway should wear a mask on an airplane.
Is there a vaccine available for coronavirus?
No vaccine is out there, although scientists are performing on vaccines. In 2003, scientists tried to develop a vaccine to stop SARS but the epidemic ended before the vaccine could enter clinical trials.